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From 2014 to 2022: Update for the Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia and Events  


Linda Greene, RN, MPS, CIC

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Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and ventilator-associated events (VAE) cause significant inpatient morbidity and mortality. About 10% of patients put on mechanical ventilation develop VAP, and the mortality rate in VAP has been estimated at 13%. Patients with VAP face a longer hospital course and incur higher healthcare costs than similarly ill patients without VA. Prevention of VAP and VAE is crucial. This session will provide prevention strategies from the updated 2022 VAP and VAE Guidelines. Underscoring essential practices, this session will include practices that have been added, updated, or removed since the 2014 guidelines were published. Supportive evidence for these changes will be presented along with specific strategies to facilitate successful implementation of best practices. The presentation will include a discussion of barriers and challenges as well the role of the interdisciplinary team in overcoming these challenges.


Learning objectives:

  1. Identify the essential elements of VAE infection prevention based upon the 2022 Guidelines

  2. List specific strategies to incorporate these elements into routine practice

  3. Discuss challenges and barriers to implementation of best practices

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